My songwriting usually starts with sound designing of different field recordings. I tend to bring a hand recorder with me while traveling, or just go out to grab some noises. After editing and de-noising the field recordings, I’ll put the sounds into modular/granular/wavetable synth or samplers, to design my own instruments for that track. Talking about the exploration of themes, to me it’s very natural to go with the flow of the sounds, also the image of the location as where I recorded it. Most of my songs are coming from the “picture in my head”, memories, duality, physics, maths, transcendence, and spirits are some of the themes I’m keen to explore more. Also, I’m quite interested in the “connections” among anything, just like “everything can be music”. “Transformation” is another cool topic, for example, I can sound design a rock-hitting metal sound into bass, drum, mallet, or a synth lead, etc. After the patch is finished, I don’t even recognize the original sound recording. My music is full of transformations of sound. The transformation of sound is also related to Fourier transformation from math, aha we are back to the topic of “connections”.